National Archives Next Generation Search

Introducing the Next Generation National Archives Catalog
The National Archives Catalog is getting an upgrade! We are excited to announce a sneak preview of our fully redesigned and modernized online public access Catalog. This new and improved Catalog maximizes our ability to make the records of the National Archives even more accessible. 

I have been searching for USS Midway (CV-41) deck logs for the past five years. When I can go to Archives II in College Park, I can usually get physical copies of specific deck logs if the Archives has them. (All deck logs are supposed to be turned over to the Archives after 30 years. The Midway was decommissioned in 1992, so all of them should be available, but the Navy has still retained the last several years of the Midway’s deck logs.) However sometime in 2000:

U.S. Navy deck logs related to the Vietnam Era will be closed for research due to a digitization agreement with the Department of Veterans Affairs.

The following records at A2 will close on December 20th:

RG 24, Logbooks of U.S. Navy Ships and Stations, 1976-78

RG 24, Logbooks of U.S. Navy Ships and Stations, 1956-75 remain closed as of the date of the issuance of this notice.” From the homepage of the”

From Archives II webpage.

Before COVID, these deck logs were supposed to have been digitized by 2021. Now, no date appears on the text I just copied and pasted from the webpage.

Troy Prince,, researcher extraordinaire, has found some deck logs that most of us can never quite locate. I do not pretend to be in Troy’s level of being able to search the Archives catalog.

When the Archives sent out an announcement about the new improved catalog, I tried USS Midway (CV-41) Deck Logs. This is what I retrieved.

You can see my search terms and you can see that the single search result did not have anything to do with the Midway.

Other searches reveal some Midway deck logs as well as deck logs for other carriers, things on the Battle of Midway, and USS Midway related documents that are not deck logs. If there is an improvement, it is too subtle for me to see.

In Just a Twinkle

Twinkle Twinkle
Little Star
I wonder how distant
you really are.

  • Proxima Centauri, the closest star to our own, is still 40,208,000,000,000 km away. (Or about 268,770 AU.) When we talk about the distances to the stars, we no longer use the AU, or Astronomical Unit; commonly, the light year is used.
  • The closest star, Proxima Centauri, is 4.24 light-years away. A light-year is 9.44 trillion km, or 5.88 trillion miles.
  • Proxima Centauri is 4.2 light-years from Earth, a distance that would take about 6,300 years to travel using current technology
  • Proxima Centauri is a small, low-mass star located 4.2465 light-years away from the Sun in the southern constellation of Centaurus. Its Latin name means the ‘nearest [star] of Centaurus’. It was discovered in 1915 by Robert Innes and is the nearest-known star to the Sun.
Shining brightly in this Hubble image is our closest stellar neighbour: Proxima Centauri. Proxima Centauri lies in the constellation of Centaurus (The Centaur), just over four light-years from Earth. Although it looks bright through the eye of Hubble, as you might expect from the nearest star to the Solar System, Proxima Centauri is not visible to the naked eye. Its average luminosity is very low, and it is quite small compared to other stars, at only about an eighth of the mass of the Sun. However, on occasion, its brightness increases. Proxima is what is known as a “flare star”, meaning that convection processes within the star’s body make it prone to random and dramatic changes in brightness. The convection processes not only trigger brilliant bursts of starlight but, combined with other factors, mean that Proxima Centauri is in for a very long life. Astronomers predict that this star will remain middle-aged — or a “main sequence” star in astronomical terms — for another four trillion years, some 300 times the age of the current Universe. These observations were taken using Hubble’s Wide Field and Planetary Camera 2 (WFPC2). Proxima Centauri is actually part of a triple star system — its two companions, Alpha Centauri A and B, lie out of frame. Although by cosmic standards it is a close neighbour, Proxima Centauri remains a point-like object even using Hubble’s eagle-eyed vision, hinting at the vast scale of the Universe around us.

Janine’s Mission 79: 100 Year Old Army Nurse

david hoffman
Mission 79: Send by 9/21

Army Nurse Turning 100!

A note from Ruth’s friends Mr. & Mrs. Kerestes: 

Ruth enlisted in the Army Nursing Corps after graduating from nurses training at Jameson Memorial Hospital in New Castle, Pennsylvania. As a 2nd Lieutenant she and several hundred other newly graduated cadet nursers were assigned to the USS Republic, a floating hospital ship where they treated injured patients. She was en route to Saipan as the U.S. prepared for the invasion of Japan; however, the nurses were rerouted to Fort Bliss, Texas.

After the war she met fellow World War II Veteran Harry Ketzel and married in 1947. They had a lovely life together and had two children, Amy (Navy Nurse) and Wally. After raising her family, she worked as a plant nurse at Rockwell International and was a volunteer hospital nurse for the Red Cross. In addition, she has five grandchildren (two of whom are Marines) and seven great-grandchildren. Ruth loves to read and go for walks and enjoys her independence.

Her son Wally says her health is good, but she did not want a party for her 100th Birthday. When approached with the idea of birthday cards coming from “Janine’s Team” Wally said…. let’s fill her mailbox with cards.

Please join us in wishing Ruth a happy 100th Birthday, much health, and continued happiness!

Her birthday is 9/25. Please send your cards by: 9/21

Ruth Ketzel
9111 Sharrott Road, Unit # 531A
Poland, Ohio 44514

As a proud member of the Greatest Generation Ruth continues to enjoy reminiscing with fellow veterans and others in her community and actively participates in veterans related events. Your kind words will make Ruth smile on her special day

September 10–Harvest Moon

Harvest moon the full moon closest to the Autumnal Equinox (September 22)

Other names for the full moon.

• Autumn Moon
• Child Moon
• Falling Leaves Moon
• Harvest Moon
• Leaves Turning Moon
• Mating Moon
• Moon of Brown Leaves
• Moon When the Rice is Laid Up to Dry
• Rutting Moon
• Yellow Leaf Moon

Humans mate
Deer rut
Both men and peacocks
like to strut
When they are are on the prowl
to score
Hoping the moon will help once more

Labor Day History

Labor Day pays tribute to the contributions and achievements of American workers and is traditionally observed on the first Monday in September. It was created by the labor movement in the late 19th century and became a federal holiday in 1894. Labor Day weekend also symbolizes the end of summer for many Americans, and is celebrated with parties, street parades and athletic events.

Why Do We Celebrate Labor Day?

Labor Day, an annual celebration of workers and their achievements, originated during one of American labor history’s most dismal chapters.

In the late 1800s, at the height of the Industrial Revolution in the United States, the average American worked 12-hour days and seven-day weeks in order to eke out a basic living. Despite restrictions in some states, children as young as 5 or 6 toiled in mills, factories and mines across the country, earning a fraction of their adult counterparts’ wages.

People of all ages, particularly the very poor and recent immigrants, often faced extremely unsafe working conditions, with insufficient access to fresh air, sanitary facilities and breaks.

Labor Movement

On June 26, the American Railroad Union, led by Eugene V. Debs, called for a boycott of all Pullman railway cars, crippling railroad traffic nationwide. To break the Pullman strike, the federal government dispatched troops to Chicago, unleashing a wave of riots that resulted in the deaths of more than a dozen workers.

Who Created Labor Day?

In the wake of this massive unrest and in an attempt to repair ties with American workers, Congress passed an act making Labor Day a legal holiday in the District of Columbia and the territories. On June 28, 1894, President Grover Cleveland signed it into law. More than a century later, the true founder of Labor Day has yet to be identified.

Many credit Peter J. McGuire, cofounder of the American Federation of Labor, while others have suggested that Matthew Maguire, a secretary of the Central Labor Union, first proposed the holiday.

Woman Artist of the Battlefield

Usually you think of men painting or photographing battle scenes. Thanks for Francisco Bravo Cabrera of Jazz Artist in Valencia , we learn about a British lady artist who painted British soldiers in a variety of battles, many actually painted on the battlefield.

Click here to read about Elizabeth Southernden Thompson. Be sure to watch the video which includes Francisco’s music, Elizabeth’s paintings and a a brief biography of her.

Did You Know?

From a forwarded email. While these may or may not be accurate, they are certainly interesting.

In George Washington’s days, there were no cameras. One’s image was either sculpted or painted. Some paintings of George Washington showed him standing behind a desk with one arm behind his back while others showed both legs and both arms. Prices charged by painters were not based on how many people were to be painted, but by how many limbs were to be painted. Arms and legs are ‘limbs,’ therefore painting them would cost the buyer more. Hence the expression, ‘Okay, but it’ll cost you an arm and a leg.’ (Artists know hands and arms are more difficult to paint)

As incredible as it sounds, men and women took baths only twice a year (May and October) Women kept their hair covered, while men shaved their heads (because of lice and bugs) and wore wigs. Wealthy men could afford good wigs made from wool. They couldn’t wash the wigs, so to clean them they would carve out a loaf of bread, put the wig in the shell, and bake it for 30 minutes. The heat would make the wig big and fluffy, hence the term ‘big wig.’ Today we often use the term ‘here comes the Big Wig’ because someone appears to be or is powerful and wealthy.

In the late 1700’s, many houses consisted of a large room with only one chair. Commonly, a long wide board folded down from the wall, and was used for dining. The ‘head of the household’ always sat in the chair while everyone else ate sitting on the floor. Occasionally a guest, who was usually a man, would be invited to sit in this chair during a meal. To sit in the chair meant you were important and in charge. They called the one sitting in the chair the ‘chair man.’ Today in business, we use the expression or title ‘Chairman’ or ‘Chairman of the Board..’

Personal hygiene left much room for improvement. As a result, many women and men had developed acne scars by adulthood. The women would spread bee’s wax over their facial skin to smooth out their complexions. When they were speaking to each other, if a woman began to stare at another woman’s face she was told, ‘mind your own bee’s wax.’ Should the woman smile, the wax would crack, hence the term ‘crack a smile’. In addition, when they sat too close to the fire, the wax would melt . . . Therefore, the expression ‘losing face.’

Ladies wore corsets, which would lace up in the front. A proper and dignified woman, as in ‘straight laced’. . Wore a tightly tied lace.

Common entertainment included playing cards. However, there was a tax levied when purchasing playing cards but only applicable to the ‘Ace of Spades.’ To avoid paying the tax, people would purchase 51 cards instead. Yet, since most games require 52 cards, these people were thought to be stupid or dumb because they weren’t ‘playing with a full deck.’

Early politicians required feedback from the public to determine what the people considered important. Since there were no telephones, TV’s or radios, the politicians sent their assistants to local taverns, pubs, and bars. They were told to ‘go sip some ale’ and listen to people’s conversations and political concerns.. Many assistants were dispatched at different times. ‘You go sip here’ and ‘You go sip there.’ The two words ‘go sip’ were eventually combined when referring to the local opinion and, thus we have the term ‘gossip.’

In the heyday of sailing ships, all war ships and many freighters carried iron cannons. Those cannons fired round iron cannon balls. It was necessary to keep a good supply near the cannon. However, how to prevent them from rolling about the deck? The best storage method devised was a square-based pyramid with one ball on top, resting on four resting on nine, which rested on sixteen. Thus, a supply of 30 cannon balls could be stacked in a small area right next to ..the cannon. There was only one problem…how to prevent the bottom layer from sliding or rolling from under the others. The solution was a metal plate called a ‘Monkey’ with 16 round indentations.

However, if this plate were made of iron, the iron balls would quickly rust to it. The solution to the rusting problem was to make ‘Brass Monkeys.’ Few landlubbers realize that brass contracts much more and much faster than iron when chilled.

Consequently, when the temperature dropped too far, the brass indentations would shrink so much that the iron cannonballs would come right off the monkey. Thus, it was quite literally, ‘Cold enough to freeze the balls off a brass monkey.’ (All this time, you thought that was an improper expression, didn’t you.)


Reconstructed from a forwarded email.

You did have to beware of termites!

Back in the days when cars had style, and even with so many makes and models, all changing every year, they made a profit.  And, not only that, you could sit on the porch and name the cars as they drove by.  Unlike today, when they all look the same. 

This was when a car was called an “automobile”!!

What is Woke about removing pictures of a Nobel Peace Prize Winner, the inventor of Peanut Butter, and a Secretary of State?

This essay addresses that very question when an elementary school in Florida removes portraits of these very people.

“Images that were removed from the bulletin board at O.J. Semmes Elementary School included depictions of Martin Luther King Jr., Harriett Tubman, Colin Powell, and George Washington Carver,” and President Obama.

Aison Gaines

From Twitter today:

Just replace “woke” with “Jews” if you want to know what it sounded like in the original German.

August 20 is National Bacon Lover’s Day

Do you represent this statement?

From the website:

While bacon has been a part of our diet as a species since 1500 B.C., pigs were domesticated from around 8500 B.C., so for seven thousand years, humans had bacon right under their noses, and didn’t know it. The term ‘bacon’ is used more precisely today than it was until well into the 16th century, before which it referred to any cut of pork. The process of curing bacon for human consumption has also been refined over the centuries but has remained relatively the same. The only difference today is that the standards of hygiene have improved, and the scale of bacon production and consumption has risen astronomically.

Bacon was such a desirable cut of pork that in the 12th century, a church in the English town of Great Dunmow challenged the married men to a wager of sorts. If a man could go a complete year and a day without quarreling with his wife, a side of bacon would be their prize. Thus was the birth of the term “bring home the bacon,” widely used today to describe a person who can take care of their family financially.

Fast forward a couple of centuries to when the industrial revolution takes the pork industry to a completely new level of production. Before then, bacon and other pork products were once produced at home. Most people kept private pigs and regularly slaughtered their stock for consumption. Even in urban environments, it was common for people to keep pigs in their basements. However, in the 1930s, this was stopped. The late 1700s saw the rise of commercial pig farming and bacon production. With rising population rates and an increase in available machinery, bacon was one of the first food items to be mass-produced. It is still widely a household favorite to this day.

How will you celebrate National Bacon Day? I’m having bacon, what with has yet to be determined.

August 5 is National Underwear Day

Here is a brief report:

National Underwear Day was originally created by the brand Freshpair in 2003, as a campaign promoting a positive body image. Although men were part of the initiative as well, the focus was more on women, and how society perceives their body image. This was during a time when being confident in one’s bare skin was somewhat a new concept, and market trends were rapidly changing. The movement went viral, and National Underwear Day has been celebrated on August 5 every year since.

The first underwear dates back to prehistoric times — with humans wearing a loincloth. During the Middle Ages, men wore linen shorts or ‘braies.’ Women wore a ‘shift’ under their dresses. In Britain, pants were long drawers covering the whole leg. (In fact, the word, ‘panties’ evolved from a shortened version of the word ‘pants.’) But women’s knickers didn’t appear until the 19th century.

While underwear is primarily for protecting clothes from getting stained, the rising demand for lingerie led to more fashionable varieties of underwear. Lady Duff-Gordon of Lucile was the first to create lingerie that freed women from tight corsets. Breakthrough brand Victoria’s Secret was founded in 1977 and made underwear and nightwear both fun and functional for daily wear.

National Underwear Day celebrates boxers, briefs, sports bras, and even some swimsuits. If it is worn underneath your clothing, it is an undergarment worth celebrating!

This helps explain why in Britain women wear trouser suits, while in the States, women wear pants suits.

Kid Friendly Underwear jokes

Q: How do you put a fire out in hot pants?

A: Panty hose.

Q: Mr. Reagan, do you were boxers or briefs?

A. Depends.

Q: What are you doing under there?

A: Under where?

Punchline: You just said Underwear.

Semper Ubi, Sub Ubi

Always Wear, Under Wear

Q: What kind of things does a math teacher wear?

A: Algebras.

Lughnasadh: The Irish Harvest Festival–August 1

Lughnasadh or Lughnasais a Gaelic festival marking the beginning of the harvest season. Historically, it was widely observed throughout Ireland, Scotland and the Isle of Man. In Modern Irish it is called Lúnasa, in Scottish Gaelic: Lùnastal, and in Manx: Luanistyn. Traditionally it is held on 1 August, or about halfway between the summer solstice and autumn equinox

Lughnasa is known as Gwl Awst (GOOil-oust), the August Feast. While Lughnasa is named for Lugh, the “funeral games” are actually in honor of his step mother, Taltiu (TAWL-too). She died after the effort of singe-handedly clearing the forests in Ireland to enable cultivation and grazing so that her people could be fed.

As with many Celtic traditions, the Christian Church in Ireland adopted Lughnasa and renamed it Lammas (Loaf Mass), when a loaf made with the first ripe grain was taken to church and blessed.

  • Bake bread.
  • Gather flowers.
  • Make some arts & crafts.
  • Make a corn dolly.
  • Decide what you want to accomplish for the rest of the year/
  • Celebrate the Grain Moon (full moon of August).
  • Host a potluck for family and friends

Thomas Cook

In Words and Music, Luisa recently blogged about Thomas Cook

I got the following complaints in an email and was reminded of Luisa’s recent post .


1. “They should not allow topless sunbathing on the beach. It was very distracting for my husband who just wanted to relax.”

2. “On my holiday to Goa in India, I was disgusted to find that almost every restaurant served curry. I don’t like spicy food.”

3. “We went on holiday to Spain and had a problem with the taxi drivers as they were all Spanish.”

4. “We booked an excursion to a water park but no-one told us we had to bring our own swimsuits and towels. We assumed it would be included in the price.”

5. “The beach was too sandy. We had to clean everything when we returned to our room.”

6. “We found the sand was not like the sand in the brochure. Your brochure shows the sand as white but it was more yellow.”

7. “It’s lazy of the local shopkeepers in Puerto Vallartato close in the afternoons. I often needed to buy things during ‘siesta’ time — this should be banned.”

8. “No-one told us there would be fish in the water. The children were scared.”

9. “Although the brochure said that there was a fully equipped kitchen, there was no egg-slicer in the drawers.”

10. “I think it should be explained in the brochure that the local convenience store does not sell proper biscuits like custard creams or ginger nuts.”

11. “The roads were uneven and bumpy, so we could not read the local guide book during the bus ride to the resort. Because of this, we were unaware of many things that would have made our holiday more fun.”

12. “It took us nine hours to fly home from Jamaica to England. It took the Americans only three hours to get home. This seems unfair.”

13. “I compared the size of our one-bedroom suite to our friends’ three-bedroom and ours was significantly smaller.”

14. “The brochure stated: ‘No hairdressers at the resort.’ We’re trainee hairdressers and we think they knew and made us wait longer for service.”

15. “When we were in Spain, there were too many Spanish people there. The receptionist spoke Spanish, the food was Spanish. No one told us that there would be so many foreigners.”

16. “We had to line up outside to catch the boat and there was no air-conditioning.”

17. “It is your duty as a tour operator to advise us of noisy or unruly guests before we travel.”

18. “I was bitten by a mosquito. The brochure did not mention mosquitoes.”

19. “My fiancée and I requested twin-beds when we booked, but instead we were placed in a room with a king bed.

      We now hold you responsible and want to be re-reimbursed for the fact that I became pregnant.

      This would not have happened if you had put us in the room that we booked.”

Won’t It Be Nice

Won't it be nice
When the tokens
Have spoken
And we no longer
Need tokens to speak

We will have evolved
Fairer treatment resolved
Some reasons such
Tokens we seek.

Simply the best
Above all the rest
That is the bar
That should be test

But humans are lazy
Some of us crazy
We have reasons why we decide
They may not make sense
Is the truth just too dense?
But that's where our choices abide.

Inspired by the amount of op-eds on the significance of the first black female Supreme Court Justice, Ketanji Brown Jackson .  Maybe we will progress past the point where such an appointment will be no longer be seen as unique or described by some as a token.